6 Facts about The Arabic Language
Have you ever asked yourself how many words in Arabic Language?
Actually this is an interesting question for somebody who doesn't know Arabic, in short: You can say that Arabic has between 90 million words and 500 million words interesting right!!
In the age of globalization and mobility, the world is becoming more open and interconnected. For this reason, many businesses are becoming more dependent upon supplying their products or services internationally. Many business owners agree that Middle East is a fast-growing market of heavy consumers, which means that in order to do effective business in the Middle East, you need to think of localizing your products or services into Arabic words, as Arabic language is a trendy language globally and is classified as one of the most important online languages (CSA Report)
“If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart” Nelson Mandela.
The 7th Arab Social Media report indicated the increased usage of the Arabic language in social media. This was not a surprise, in fact, Arabic is one of the top 10 spoken languages, is spoken by 420 million people worldwide and it is also the official language of 26 countries. This trend has a huge impact on the way businesses engage with their potential customers in the Arabic markets, as they should consider making their products and services easily available to the Arabic-speaking world. This drives them to think about translating all kinds of content whether online or offline into Arabic words.
We came up with few facts that can help you understand more about the Arabic language;
In this blog, you will read:
1- Arabic language dialects
2- Written and spoken Arabic
3- Arabic is a bidirectional Language
4- Arabic numbers
5- Arabic is a rich language
6- What is the origin of the Arabic language?
Considering Arabic words as a “Macrolanguage”, the Arab World has about 30 regional dialects including Modern Standard Arabic (MSA). Classical, Colloquial or MSA! The three are different variants and forms of the Arabic language which are used in different countries by different nations. Classical Arabic is the language of the Holy Quran and is primarily used for religious and literary purposes. Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) is the primary dialect of the Arabic language used in our official communication. The third form is Colloquial Arabic words which is used in our daily life “street language”.
2. Written and Spoken Arabic
Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) is used in all writings and spoken in political speeches and in news readings. However, no one speaks it spontaneously. The Arabic dialects spoken in our daily life differ according to the region, which may be specific for a country, as Egyptian dialect is spoken in Egypt or common throughout an entire region, as Gulf dialect spoken in Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. This video shows the different ways of saying the same thing in Arabic.
|Tip #1: When it comes to Arabic language translation in Business, you should first set your objectives, if your target is Arabic translation in general and not for a specific country, the best choice then is Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), as it is the official language used in newspapers, magazines, marketing materials, studies, any official communication, etc. However, if you are targeting a specific Arabic speaking country, you may need to adapt Arabic into the dialect spoken in the target country, especially if you are using multimedia content.|
3. Arabic is a Bidirectional LanguageUnlike in most Latin languages, which read from Left-to-Right, the Arabic language belongs to the bidirectional languages that are written and read from Right-to-Left. However, some of this script is written from left-to-Right like numbers. The Number +12345 is not shuffled around to 54321+
|Tip #2: When translating into Bidi languages such as Arabic , you will need to adjust the whole document layout, user interface, and overall design, starting from characters, marks, signs, graphs, and so on.|
4. Arabic Numbers
Arabic numeric systems are divided into two kinds of shapes:
First: Arabic Shapes:
It’s the right way to write Arabic numbers. However, almost only the Gulf people use them regularly.
Second: Hindi Shapes:
It originated from India and are more commonly used among Arabs.
|Tip #3: One of the most common issues you may face when translating into Arabic is the "Missing Numbers" and they are considered as false-positive issues. This usually happens with numbers 1 & 2, as the singular and dual forms in Arabic do not require adding numbers, such as "1 file", "malaf ملف" and "2 files", "malaffan ملفان", both already reflect the numbers 1 and 2 and do not require adding them.|
Arabic is a language with a rich history, linguistic rules, unique characters and rich with many vocabularies. It has 28 characters that may take more than one shape according to its location in the word, such variations extend the Arabic characters into 57 shapes. This is known as “Concatenation.”
5. Arabic is a Rich Language
In addition, there are many Arabic vocabularies to express one meaning. Also, Arabic words may give a completely different meaning with different diacritics; eg.: the word "مستخدِم mostakhdem" means "User", and the same word with different diacritic "مستخدَم mostakhdam" means "Used."
|Tip #4: During the localization phase, take care of the diacritics. Using the wrong diacritics may result in different words that do not necessarily carry the same meaning. This will affect the pronunciation of words especially during the recording of the voice over.|
As a result of the increasing global recognition of the Arabic Language and becoming a trendy language, many international companies are realizing the importance of making the online content available to Arabic speakers. So you need not only to convert your texts into Arabic, but you also need to adapt the text to the rich Arabic culture.
6. Arabic Language HistoryMany Arab linguists and historians choose to state that the Arabic Language is the original source, not just for Semitic, but all spoken languages of the world, there is no physical evidence of such.
However, I just went over a recent (August '18) video lecture by a famous Arab/Muslim scholar specialized in modern sciences Dr. Zaghloul Al Najjar, stating that a study was carried out by a majority of non Arab scholars and linguists, over a period of 15 years studying over 1000 languages and 5000 dialects at “The school of Orientals and African Studies at University of London” reached to a conclusion that the Arabic language is Mother of all languages (this is an undocumented claim, I have no proof/reference, and would appreciate if any of the readers can investigate this and/or can share reference or link for the same.)
The history of ancient Arabic is known to have come from southern Arabia (what is Yemen today) the Kingdom of Shiba, the Musnad Alphabet… the part of Himyar tribes that migrated and settled on and around Makkah.
Unlike Hebrew and Aramaic, Arabic doesn't have any records of ancient written scripts, probably a handful of scratches, but that is it. Prior to Qur'an, there is almost a complete nonexistence of any written Arabic textbook.
However it is well known about pre-Islamic poetry, and the famous 10 poems hanged on and around the Kaaba (House of Makkah) but that's about it!
Arabic heritage and events were pretty much memory-based and preserved, early Qur’anic scripts were primitively scribed on animal skin and shoulder bones.
The language, it rules, and inherited style and syntax were vocal.
Arabic is a very interesting language full of secrets and facts we will lose count if we mentioned them, we tried to mention the most unique and amazing facts of the Arabic language in the upper article. However, to achieve international success, you need to understand the diversity of cultures of your target markets and communicate with them according to their context, especially when you are translating to Arabic and middle eastern countries
Check out our article: The Most Common False Positive Issues in Arabic Translation QA Checks
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